Beach Sand Mining – Misconceptions in India

Beach Sand Mining (BSM) is a process to extract rare earth minerals from open pits. There are misconceptions about BSM, that it affects environment and is a threat to biodiversity.  BSM normally consists of ilmenite, rutile, zircon, garnet, monazite, leucoxene and sillimanite. Ilmenite is the major rare earth element which is used large in the consumer products and high tech applications.

For instance; the companies who extract rare earth minerals from the field just scoop the top inch of the beach. If they go any deeper, they would end up mining silica. Silica is not a rare earth mineral and is of no use to the industry. These minerals are skimmed early in the morning, as by the evening the minerals are washed off by heavy waves. Hence, it is necessary to scoop these minerals in the morning, as the sea deposits fresh layers of rare earth minerals.

V. V. Mineral is one of the largest exporters of ilmenite and garnet in India. S Vaikundarajan is the founder of V. V. Mineral and was found by him in the late 1980s. Several allegations are made against these top notch Beach sand mining companies.

A special team led by IAS officer Gagan Deep Singh Bedi has submitted contents of a report concerning the illegal BSM in southern districts. A petition to make the content public was submitted by an advocate, it states that the public has the rights to know the details of the report.  The Madras High Court Bench has transferred the public interest petition to Principal Seat of High Court in Chennai, following the advocate’s petition.

After a number of allegations were made against these mining firms, a special investigation team was set up by the State Government to look into the matters. Before submitting the report a detailed probe was conducted by the investigating team. The government decided to extend the enquiry to other areas and has kept the report confidential. The MD and CEO of V. V. Mineral, S. Vaikundarajan said, “The investigation was completed and report submitted in November 2013. However, no evidence of illegal activity was found against VV Mineral.”




The Use Of Windmills By VV Minerals

V.V. MineralOne of the premier companies that indulge in heavy mineral mining of Garnet is V.V. Mineral. They are India’s biggest mining, manufacturers and exporters of Garnet. They have been awarded as the ‘Number One Garnet Exporters’ of our country. They also undertake Zircon mining, Rutile mining and Ilmenite mining. It is family grown business started by Mr. S Vaikundarajan, Chairman of VV Group of companies.





Wind turbines make use of kinetic energy to generate electricity. In earlier times they were mostly used as mechanical devices to turn machinery. Wind turbines can be of mainly two types, one with a vertical axis and other with a horizontal axis. Wind turbines can be used to generate large amounts of electricity in wind farms both onshore and offshore.



VV Minerals has undertaken sustainable development efforts so as to not harm the environment and save Mother Nature for the future generations. The company is privately owned by Mr. S. Vaikundarajan and is located in Tisayanvilai in Tamil Nadu. Across the district VV Minerals, India owns 13 windmills. They are located in Thenkasi and Radhapuram.

VV Minerals, India

They generate about 9 megawatt of power through these windmills. This power is used in the consumption to TNEB grid.

Importance Of Mining

MiningMining is an important profession, because almost all products used in modern homes require heavy minerals in some form or the other. Use of Minerals in our daily lives can even be in everyday products such as ceramic tiles, cosmetics, medicines, stationery, or even toothpaste. However we do not realize this fact because nobody buys minerals in the raw state, rather we use them as finished products such as TV or computer monitors, pens, houses, roads etc.

India’s GDP has grown steadily since Independence because it is backed by robust growth in the production of minerals such as iron ore, coal, copper, zinc, aluminium, magnesium, limestone, etc.

Without mining, manufacturing would not exist. Even agriculture is heavily dependent on minerals in the form of fertilizers that are needed for mass cultivation of food crops.

Only through mining, these minerals can be attained and used for economic growth.

One of the premier companies that indulge in heavy mineral mining of Garnet is V.V. Mineral. They are India’s biggest mining, manufacturers and exporters of Garnet. They have been awarded as the ‘Number One Garnet Exporters’ of our country. They also undertake Zircon mining, Rutile mining and Ilmenite mining.

To boost India’s GDP and make inclusive growth a reality, mining needs to grow in a big way and hurdles cleared in the mineral supply of industry. Economic growth, poverty alleviation and employment generation cannot become a ground reality unless supported simultaneously by mining. Indeed, mining and its downstream activities together possess the potential to employ millions of people.

It is family grown business started by Mr. S Vaikundarajan, Chairman of VV Group of companies.

How Minerals Play A Role In Our Everyday Life

ZirconZircon is part of your daily household items. Zircon is used in items such as Knives, Scissors and Golf Irons because of its durability and biocompatibility. Super Garnet finds wide-ranging applications in daily life. In high-quality coated and bonded abrasives such as abrasive papers, cloths, wheels, etc.

Micronised form of Super Garnet is used for polishing of glass faceplates of televisions, computer monitors and optical glasses Polishing & Precision Finishing of high pressure Valves.

It is also used for artistic engraving or matting of surfaces such as glass, marble, granite and others. You will also find its usage in stone washing of denim fabrics, providing only fading of dye but not damaging the cloth or stitching.

Ilmenite is widely used in the manufacture of high quality Photo grey sun glasses. It can also be used in plastics.

Zircon is used in ceramics, and also in dental usage. It is an active ingredient in sport and medicine. Also, it can be used for manufacture of cosmetics products.

One of the premier companies that indulge in heavy mineral mining is V.V. Mineral. V.V Mineral is a family grown business started by Mr. S Vaikundarajan, Founder, Chairman & Managing Director, VV Group. Being India’s biggest mining, manufacturers and exporters of Garnet V.V. Mineral has been awarded as the ‘Number One Garnet Exporters’ of our country. Zircon mining, Rutile mining and Ilmenite mining are some of the other mining activities that VV Minerals engage in.

How is Garnet used in Water Jet Cutting?

Garnet, vvmineral

Garnet abrasives are attained from beach sand mining on the sea shores called as heavy mineral mining. Garnet is a semiprecious gemstone known to mankind for over thousands of years. It’s hard and sharp which is perfect for water jet cutting. The type of garnet used for water jet cutting is red in colour. Garnet is also relatively chemically inert, and won’t react with materials being cut, making its disposal simpler as well.

Water jet cutting is process of cutting metal or other hard objects with a very high pressure stream of water along with a suitable abrasive. It has 30 times more pressure than the power car hand washer. The water is sprayed through a very small nozzle, which allows it to cut efficiently.

Garnet water jet can be used to cut marble granite stone metal plastic wood or stainless steel. It is odorless, dust-free and relatively heat-free process. Garnet abrasive water jet cutting applications also include tile cutting, countertops, stone cutting, food processing equipment, glass cutting, Kevlar cutting, aluminum cutting and stainless steel cutting.

Garnet abrasive water jet cutting can cut up to 8 inch thickness, has no heat-affected zone and gives superior edge quality. Garnet abrasives are manufactured in India extensively. In 2010, India was the leading exporter of Garnet all over the world. V.V. Mineral, India is the largest mining manufacturer and exporter of Garnet in the country. V.V. Mineral has won several awards for the export of garnet. They have market share in U.S., Europe, South Africa and Australia. Based in Tamil Nadu, they are India’s leading heavy mineral mining company.

Advantages of Working in VV Mineral

working in VV Mineral, VV Mineral

Taking care of the entire team and our workforce is one of our top priorities at VV Minerals, India. We have created a lot of employment options for the local people here in Tamil Nadu. We provide the best of the facilities to our employees in order to keep them satisfied with their work with us.

The process of mining begins with the extraction of sand known as beach sand mining. Our recruits manually transfer the extracted sand to the vehicles that transport it to the processing unit. From there the sand is processed using various washing and separation methods. After it is separated, our dedicated task force keeps on checking for quality of product every three hours so as to ensure the best.

We provide our employees with facilities like, free accommodation, subsidized meals that cost only about 15-20 Rupees a day, salaries that are higher than government stipulated wages, and they can even opt for loans.

VV Mineral also offers educational benefits to those who have kids in school or in college, besides all this they are tendered with free annual medical aid and insurance. This insurance covers all illnesses, ranging from minor to major.

Every employee is trained for their skills in mining, and also in other safety aspects such as fire safety and first aid. There are a lot of other training sessions that the employees benefit from like, motivational training, behavioral training, team building exercises, software training, and sports and recreational facilities.

We owe our success on the dedication of these employees who have put in their genuine efforts to make us the number one heavy mineral mining company in India.